Information portal on Indigenous Peoples issues in Latin American and the Caribbean countries, used by the Gender and Diversity Department at the IADB for related projects and made available for public use.
Contiene fichas con información de cada uno de los 522 pueblos indígenas que viven en Latinoamérica. Mapas sobre la diversidad y el porcentaje de población en los países de América Latina complementan esta herramienta clave para el diseño e implementación de políticas públicas que tengan en cuenta la riqueza y la complejidad sociolingüística de la región.
“Family and cultural inclusion are essential for the healthy development of young Australian Indigenous peoples with low cognitive ability. To date, this issue has received limited research attention. A secondary analysis of data collected in Wave 4 of Footprints in Time, Australia’s Longitudinal Study of Indigenous Children, was conducted to help address this research gap. The study results indicated that in some areas, Indigenous children with low cognitive ability are at a higher risk of social exclusion than their peers…”
“This article introduces an incentive program that attempts to close the gap in educational attainment between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians, and provides an evaluation of its effectiveness. The program uses in-kind incentives conditional on achievement of a specific target for academic grades, classroom behaviour and attendance, coupled with information sessions on the importance of educational achievement. In 2012, all indigenous students enrolled in 21 high schools in Queensland were invited to take part in the program…”
“This article examines ways in which both state practices and cultural revitalization movements are contributing to changing understandings of indigenous identity and cultural practices among the Tukanoan and Baré peoples of the Northwest Amazon of Brazil…”
“This article illustrates how institutional transitional processes influence the intended sustainability outcomes in protected forest management in Cameroon, using the case of the Tofala Hill Wildlife Sanctuary. The study revealed that the major setback in attaining sustainable forest management does not necessarily lie in the conflicting interests of actors, but also in the social processes that guided the negotiation of these conflicting interests…”
“Indigenous societies exist outside the major influences of the global economic system, or within a larger society but separate in a social and cultural sense. In any society there is variation in the degree to which individuals are able to achieve the ideals of that society, and difficulty in doing so can be stressful…”
“Based on testimonials of migration journeys of indigenous Cañaris from southern highland Ecuador, this paper examines strategies of mobility and social networking employed by migrants and facilitators in the human smuggling market. Following a series of economic crises in the late 1990s, Ecuadorian transnational migration increased significantly, with a 55.5 percent increase to the United States between 2000 and 2008, and staggering 12,150 percent increase to Spain between 1998 and 2005…”
In this brief paper, we outline some important messages in the literature pertaining to community care for Indigenous older people. Such literature has been scarce until relatively recently. These key messages are particularly important as aged care sector reforms are implemented. We highlight significant research findings concerning health, care preferences and service delivery challenges for the provision of community care for this population group. To be successful, a service needs to be relevant, and to be relevant, services need to take a community development approach in their development and ongoing management.
This Casebook contains summaries of judicial decisions from ten countries in Latin America, as well as a selection of relevant judgements and reports from the Inter- American human rights system. The introduction sets out the context of the national legal systems of the countries concerned and gives an overview of the types of cases selected. The case summaries highlight how the courts have relied on Convention No. 169. The Casebook will be useful for judges, lawyers and legal educators, and a source of information for indigenous and tribal peoples and their organizations in the context of advocacy and litigation. The publication is also intended as a way to share the experiences of Latin America with interested stakeholders in other regions.
Introduction: Giving Latin America’s Majority a Fair Chance
Chapter One: Rule-Based Fiscal Discipline
Chapter Two: Smoothing Booms and Busts
Chapter Three: Social Safety Nets That Trigger Automatically
Chapter Four: More Taxes on the Rich and Better Spending on the Rest
Chapter Five: Giving Small Businesses a Chance
Chapter Six: Protecting Job Mobility and Workers' Rights
Chapter Seven: Repairing Rural Markets
Chapter Eight: Tackling Corruption Head On
Chapter Nine: Schools for the Poor, Too
Chapter Ten: Dealing Openly with Discrimination
Chapter Eleven: Consumer-Driven Public Services
Chapter Twelve: How the United States Can Help: Opening Markets and More